Category: Ohio DUI Defense

Why The Founding Fathers Opposed A Standing Army

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founding fathersJust how opposed were the Founding Fathers to a standing army?  

Their revolutionary experience of the founding fathers forged a deep mistrust of standing armies.  They viewed them as a pernicious threat to liberty. Here are just a few quotes that explain how and why the idea (what we would call a police state today) was anathema to the first Americans.

During the Virginia ratifying convention, James Madison described a standing army as the “greatest mischief that can happen.”

In addition, fellow delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1787, George Mason put a finer point on it:

“No man has a greater regard for the military gentlemen than I have. I admire their intrepidity, perseverance, and valor. But when once a standing army is established in any country, the people lose their liberty. When, against a regular and disciplined army, yeomanry are the only defence [sic], — yeomanry, unskilful and unarmed, — what chance is there for preserving freedom? Give me leave to recur to the page of history, to warn you of your present danger. Recollect the history of most nations of the world. What havoc, desolation, and destruction, have been perpetrated by standing armies!”

Was A Standing Army A Threat To The Founding Fathers?

In addition, in The Federalist, No. 29, Alexander Hamilton echoes not only Mason’s warning against a standing army, but his solution to the threat, as well.

If circumstances should at any time oblige the government to form an army of any magnitude that army can never be formidable to the liberties of the people while there is a large body of citizens, little, if at all, inferior to them in discipline and the use of arms, who stand ready to defend their own rights and those of their fellow-citizens. This appears to me the only substitute that can be devised for a standing army, and the best possible security against it, if it should exist.

In addition, commenting on Blackstone’s Commentaries, founding  jurist St. George Tucker speaks as if he foresaw our day. He addresses the fatal combination of an increasingly militarized police force and the disarmament of civilians:

Wherever standing armies are kept up, and the right of the people to keep and bear arms is, under any colour or pretext whatsoever, prohibited, liberty, if not already annihilated, is on the brink of destruction.

A Modern Look At The Issue

In an essay published in the Wall Street Journal last August, Radley Balko, author of “Rise of the Warrior Cop” presents chilling and convincing evidence of the blurring of the line between cop and soldier:

Driven by martial rhetoric and the availability of military-style equipment — from bayonets and M-16 rifles to armored personnel carriers — American police forces have often adopted a mind-set previously reserved for the battlefield. The war on drugs and, more recently, post-9/11 antiterrorism efforts have created a new figure on the U.S. scene: the warrior cop — armed to the teeth, ready to deal harshly with targeted wrongdoers, and a growing threat to familiar American liberties.

Balko rightly connects the menace of the martial police with the decline in liberty and a disintegration of legal boundaries between sheriffs and generals. The threat of the police becoming a standing army of the sort our forefathers believed to be “inconsistent with liberty” is a reality on our streets. Also, understanding the issues of law and policy raised by a militarized police force, Balko informs our understanding of the issues we are (and will be) struggling with as Americans for the next generation.

Call Charles M. Rowland II, DaytonDUI.com

Charles M. Rowland II dedicates his practice to defending the accused drunk driver in the Miami Valley and throughout Ohio. He has the credentials and the experience to win your case. He has made himself Dayton’s choice for drunk driving defense. Contact Charles Rowland by phone at (937) 318-1384 or toll-free at 1-888-ROWLAND (888-769-5263). If you need assistance after hours, call the 24/7 DUI Hotline at (937) 776-2671. In addition, you can have DaytonDUI at your fingertips by downloading the DaytonDUI Android App.  Get DaytonDUI sent directly to your mobile device by texting DaytonDUI (one word) to 50500. Follow DaytonDUI on Facebook, @DaytonDUI on Twitter, YouTube, Tumblr, Pheed and Pintrest or get RSS of the Ohio DUI blog. You can email CharlesRowland@DaytonDUI.com or visit his office at 2190 Gateway Dr., Fairborn, Ohio 45324.

“All I do is DUI defense.”

For more info on civil liberties and the standing army, check these city-specific sites at the following links:

Fairborn, Dayton, Springfield,Kettering, Trotwood,Vandalia,XeniaMiamisburg,Huber HeightsSpringboroOakwood,Beavercreek, Centerville

miamisburg ovi

First Offense Miamisburg OVI? Here’s What To Expect

00Miamisburg DUI AttorneyTags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Miamisburg OVIMiamisburg OVI? I can help!

first offense Miamisburg OVI is defined at O.R.C. 4511.19 as a DUI with no priors within 6 years.  The first offense OVI can be charged in three ways.  The first charge is caused by testing over the legal limit of .08% B.A.C. (example O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(d)).  These types of offenses are also referred to as “per se”  violations.  In addition, a second way to be charged is for violating the high-tier provision of Ohio’s OVI law.  Ohio has also created a per se “high-tier” limit of .17% BrAC, sometimes referred to as a SUPER-OVI.  The per se high-tier limits for a first offense OVI are set forth at O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)

  • (f) person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s whole blood.
  • (g) person has a concentration of two hundred four-thousandths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s blood serum or plasma.
  • (h) person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of the person’s breath.
  • (i) person has a concentration of two hundred thirty-eight-thousandths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of the person’s urine.
Appreciable Impairment Offenses

In addition, if you refuse to take a chemical test, the State might still be able to prove you guilty of a first offense OVI.  They must prove (beyond a reasonable doubt) that you  operated a motor vehicle after having consumed some alcohol, drugs of abuse, or a combination of the two and their ability to operate the motor vehicle was appreciably impaired.  How does a jury determine “under the influence?”  The following is an excerpt from the Ohio Jury Instructions:

“Under the influence” means that the defendant consumed some (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (combination of alcohol and a drug of abuse), whether mild or potent, in such a quantity, whether small or great, that it adversely affected and noticeably impaired the defendant’s actions, reaction, or mental processes under the circumstances then existing and deprived the defendant of that clearness of intellect and control of himself/herself which he/she would otherwise have possessed. The question is not how much (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) would affect an ordinary person.

Jury Questions

Since the question is, what effect did any (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse), consumed by the defendant, have on him/her at the time and place involved, you need an attorney who can combat the State’s evidence. If the consumption of (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) so affected the nervous system, brain, or muscles of the defendant so as to impair, to a noticeable degree, his/her ability to operate the vehicle, then the defendant was under the influence. The Ohio jury Instruction cites language from State v. Hardy (1971), 28 Ohio St.2d 89, 57 O.O.2d 284, 276 N.E.2d 247; and State v. Steele (1952), 95 Ohio App. 107, 52 O.O. 488, 117 N.E.2d 617.

“Appreciable impairment offense” is set forth at Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(A)(1)(a) which states,

(A)(1) No person shall operate any vehicle, streetcar, or trackless trolley within this state, if, at the time of the operation, any of the following apply:

(a) The person is under the influence of alcohol, a drug of abuse, or a combination of them.

First Offense OVI Penalties

The following penalties are reserved for first offense OVI offenders.  Obviously, it is in your interests to hire counsel who can assess your case and provide you with an honest assessment of your case.  Be sure to discuss the mitigating factors that your attorney should know as well as the not-so-good aspects of your case.  In addition, judges have discretion to look at many factors in fashioning a remedy and your attorney should be able to give you an idea of how to approach your case so as to minimize any potential penalties.  Here are the range of possible penalties for a first offense OVI.

  • Jail – 3 Days Minimum up to 6 Months or,
  • Driver Intervention Program – For 3 Days
  • Jail – 6 Days (If Blood Alcohol Concentration .17 or Above)
  • License Suspension – From 6 Months to 3 Years
  • Reinstatement Fee – $475.00
  • Fine – From $375 to $1,075
Party Plates (Ohio’s Scarlet Letter)

When are yellow OVI plates required?  If you are convicted of OVI in Ohio, yellow “restricted plates” are required in certain circumstances.

  • If you are convicted of OVI as a first offense, the judge has discretion to order restricted plates as a condition of granting you limited driving privileges.
  • If you are placed under and administrative license suspension, a judge has discretion to order restricted plates as a condition of granting limited driving privileges.
Is an Interlock Ignition Device Mandatory?

The device is not mandatory on a first offense OVI.  Judges have discretion to require the ignition interlock device on first offenses, but on subsequent offenses the IID is mandatory.  It is important to speak with an experienced attorney who is familiar with the judge presiding over your case to get an idea of whether or not you will likely receive an ignition interlock device on a first offense.

Immobilization

If you do not have a prior OVI offense, getting your car back is relatively easy as Ohio OVI law does not authorize immobilization as a penalty for a first offense.  So, here are the steps you should take to get your car back.

  • Locate the proper tow lot;
  • Gather enough cash (or other proper payment) to pay towing and storage fees;
  • Gather proof of ownership; and
  • If you were placed under and Administrative License Suspension, get a licensed driver to drive your car from the impound lot.

Having trouble with ANY of the items above? We will help get your car back.  Need a ride? I sometimes drive clients to the tow lot myself.  Due to high costs, move quickly in order to save storage fees.

What does a first offense OVI defense cost?

Frequently, we encounter many people who want a rational, economic justification for hiring an OVI attorney on a first offense OVI.  The only study I could find on this topic was a 2006 Texas Department of Transportation study which calculated the costs of a drunk driving conviction. “In that state showed the total costs of a DWI arrest and conviction for a first-time offender with no accident involved ranges from $9,000 to $24,000.” [source]  In addition, a story from CNBC citing that study, they speculate that total costs, absent you losing your job, could range as high as $20,000.  Because pricing your case is wildly speculative, here are some of the expenses you may realize:

  • Court costs.
  • Attorney fees.
  • Loss of job.
  • DUI “school.”
  • Temporary loss of income.
  • Car towing, impounding.
  • Alternate transportation costs.
  • Car ignition interlock device.
  • Periodic blood testing.
  • Monthly monitoring fees.
  • Cost of incarceration.
  • Increased auto insurance premiums
CONTACT MIAMISBURG OVI ATTORNEY CHARLES M. ROWLAND II

Obviously, if you were to lose your job and/or your career because of an OVI conviction, the lifetime costs skyrocket.  Insurance premiums, damages caused by personal injury or costs of restitution for property damages also cause the costs to climb.  Some of the expenses highlighted above can take years to come to fruition.  The lingering effects of having a drunk driving conviction may be with you for life.  The good news is that a good OVI attorney can significantly curb the financial detriments incurred in a OVI case.  Yes, a good attorney can save you money. While predicting what an attorney can save you is just as wildly speculative as predicting costs, it is common for many of the costs to be subject to negotiation and/or reduction.  In addition, a reduction of the charge will not only lower the possible maximum fines, but can also get rid of ugly mandatory punishments required by Ohio’s OVI statute. O.R.C. 4511.19.  Therefore, best way to explore how much a vigorous OVI defense will costs in your case, contact Charles M. Rowland for a free consultation. Finally, know that we care about our clients. For over twenty years I have been an OVI attorney. For the last 10 plus years I have practiced exclusively OVI law. I want you to win.

For more information about a Miamisburg  OVI, check out www.miamisburgovi.com.  

 

Trotwood OVI Attorney Charles M. Rowland II

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Trotwood OVI Attorney Charles M. Rowland II – Ready to help defend you.

Trotwood OVIIf you are accused of drunk driving in Trotwood, Ohio, your misdemeanor Trotwood OVI (operating a vehicle impaired) case will be heard in the Montgomery County Municipal Court, Western Division.  The jurisdiction of the Montgomery County Municipal Court, Western Divison covers most of north-west Montgomery County, Ohio . In addition to Trotwood, it includes the cities of, BrookvillePhillipsburg, the Village of New Lebanon and parts of Verona.  While many people refer to this Court as the Trotwood Municipal Court, you can see the jurisdiction of the court is much broader.  Your case will be heard by either the Honorable Adele Riley or the Honorable Thomas Manning.  According to the 2012 Annual Report, 155 new OVI cases were filed in the court.

In addition to the City of Trotwood, the court also handles cases arising in Jefferson Township, Clay Township, Perry Township and Jackson Township.  The Court is located at 195 S. Clayton Rd., New Lebanon, OH 45345-9601 or by phone at Traffic/Criminal Division (937) 687-9099 and Civil Division (937) 687-9092.  Visit the court’s web site by clicking HERE.  Another important note – do not confuse the Western (Trotwood) and Eastern (Huber Heights) divisions of the court. Call us at (937) 318-1384 if you need assistance. We want to help.

In addition to the links specific to Trotwood, you will find multiple articles on the DaytonDUI blog that will be helpful. We amassed over 1800 articles on a every conceivable OVI topic. It is all there! Again, if the blog raises questions, just call.

IMPORTANT LINKS

Trotwood OVI attorney Charles M. Rowland II dedicates his practice to defending the accused drunk driver in Trotwood and throughout Ohio.  He has the credentials and the experience to win your case and has made himself Trotwood’s choice for drunk driving defense. Contact Charles Rowland by phone at (937) 318-1384 or toll-free at 1-888-ROWLAND (888-769-5263). In addition, if you need assistance after hours, call the 24/7 Hotline at (937) 776-2671.  Keep an attorney at your fingertips by downloading the DaytonDUI Android App. Want info sent to your mobile device? Text DaytonDUI (one word) to 313131. Follow DaytonDUI on Facebook, @DaytonDUI on Twitter, YouTube, Tumblr, Pheed and Pintrest or get RSS of the Ohio DUI blog.  Email CharlesRowland@DaytonDUI.com or visit his office at 2190 Gateway Dr., Fairborn, Ohio 45324. 

Trotwood OVI defense.”

Learn more about Trotwood DUI attorney Charles Rowland. Contact me, or check these city-specific sites at the following links:
FairbornDaytonSpringfieldKettering Municipal CourtVandaliaXenia, Huber HeightsMiamisburg,OakwoodBeavercreekCenterville

Huber Heights OVI

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huber heights ovi

HUBER HEIGHTS OVI? I CAN HELP!

If arrested for misdemeanor OVI in Huber Heights, your Huber Heights OVI case will be in the Montgomery County Municipal Court (Eastern Division). Many refer to this court as the Huber Heights Municipal Court.  In fact, the court’s jurisdiction is far larger. In addition to Huber Heights, it covers regions in north-east Montgomery County including the city of Riverside, Ohio. The Montgomery County Area Two Court is located at 6111 Taylorsville Rd., Huber Heights, OH 45424-2951. You can contact the court’s Traffic/Criminal Division at (937) 496-7231, the Civil Division at (937) 225-5824 and you can fax information to (937) 496-7236.

You can rest assured that the government is going to do everything they can to try to convict you. An arrest is a life-altering event with repercussions that may last for years to come. Whether a bad decision brought you to this point or you were wrongfully arrested, it doesn’t matter. Decisive action is necessary. Make the call to an experienced and credentialed OVI professional who is equipped with the knowledge, the expert resources and the skills to win your Huber Heights OVI case.

MAKE THE RIGHT DECISION IN YOUR HUBER HEIGHTS OVI CASE!

Today, you have an opportunity to make the right decision — a decision that may save you months in jail, thousands of dollars and a permanent criminal record. Most people arrested for an OVI are good people who just made a mistake or are wrongfully accused of something they did not do. What does this mean to you? It means that if you are stopped and the police are of the opinion you are intoxicated, you are probably going to be arrested. As a result, you are facing serious charges and possible jail time. There are ways to fight to avoid these consequences. Beat your case with my help and my team of experts.

In addition, I appear regularly in the Montgomery County Municipal Court. For over 20 years, I represented clients accused of DUI. Experience and credentials are important. In fact, no other area of misdemeanor law requires a higher spectrum of knowledge. When you couple that with the fact that DUI is the most mis-charged offense, you see why I fight. I do not want an officer’s opinion to convict you. In conclusion, contact me now.

We have been helping people accused of a Huber Heights OVI for over twenty years. If you have questions about your case we can help.

Springfield OVI – What To Expect

00Clark County, Springfield DUI AttorneyTags: , , , , , , ,

Screen Shot 2016-05-26 at 3.01.34 PMfirst offense Springfield OVI is defined at O.R.C. 4511.19 as a DUI with no priors within 6 years.  A first offense OVI can be charged in three ways.  The first charge is caused by testing over the legal limit of .08% B.A.C. (example O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(d)).  These types of offenses are also referred to as “per se”  violations.

A second way to be charged is for violating the high-tier provision of Ohio’s OVI law.  Ohio has also created a per se “high-tier” limit of .17% BrAC, sometimes referred to as a SUPER-OVI.  The per se high-tier limits for a first offense OVI are set forth at O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)

  • (f) The person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s whole blood.
  • (g) The person has a concentration of two hundred four-thousandths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s blood serum or plasma.
  • (h) The person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of the person’s breath.
  • (i) The person has a concentration of two hundred thirty-eight-thousandths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of the person’s urine.

Appreciable Impairment Offenses:

If you refuse to take a chemical test, the State might still be able to prove you guilty of a first offense OVI if they prove (beyond a reasonable doubt) that you  operated a motor vehicle after having consumed some alcohol, drugs of abuse, or a combination of the two and their ability to operate the motor vehicle was appreciably impaired.  How does a jury determine “under the influence?”  The following is an excerpt from the Ohio Jury Instructions:

“Under the influence” means that the defendant consumed some (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (combination of alcohol and a drug of abuse), whether mild or potent, in such a quantity, whether small or great, that it adversely affected and noticeably impaired the defendant’s actions, reaction, or mental processes under the circumstances then existing and deprived the defendant of that clearness of intellect and control of himself/herself which he/she would otherwise have possessed. The question is not how much (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) would affect an ordinary person.

What Was The Effect?

The question is what effect did any (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse), consumed by the defendant, have on him/her at the time and place involved. If the consumption of (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) so affected the nervous system, brain, or muscles of the defendant so as to impair, to a noticeable degree, his/her ability to operate the vehicle, then the defendant was under the influence. The Ohio jury Instruction cites language from State v. Hardy (1971), 28 Ohio St.2d 89, 57 O.O.2d 284, 276 N.E.2d 247; and State v. Steele (1952), 95 Ohio App. 107, 52 O.O. 488, 117 N.E.2d 617.

The “appreciable impairment offense” is set forth at Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(A)(1)(a) which states,

(A)(1) No person shall operate any vehicle, streetcar, or trackless trolley within this state, if, at the time of the operation, any of the following apply:

(a) The person is under the influence of alcohol, a drug of abuse, or a combination of them.

First Offense OVI Penalties:

The following penalties are reserved for first offense Springfield OVI offenders.  Obviously, it is in your interests to hire counsel who can assess your case and provide you with an honest assessment of your case.  In addition, be sure to discuss not only the mitigating factors that your attorney should know, but the not-so-good aspects of your case.  Judges have discretion to look at many factors in fashioning a remedy and your attorney should be able to give you an idea of how to approach your case so as to minimize any potential penalties.  Here are the range of possible penalties for a first offense OVI.

  • Jail – 3 Days Minimum up to 6 Months or,
  • Driver Intervention Program – For 3 Days
  • Jail – 6 Days (If Blood Alcohol Concentration .17 or Above)
  • License Suspension – From 6 Months to 3 Years
  • Reinstatement Fee – $475.00
  • Fine – From $375 to $1,075

 

Hiring Your Springfield OVI Attorney

Obviously, if you were to lose your job and/or your career because of a Springfield OVI conviction the lifetime costs skyrocket.  Insurance premiums, damages caused by personal injury or costs of restitution for property damages also cause the costs to climb.  In addition, some of the expenses highlighted above can take years to come to fruition. The lingering effects of having a drunk driving conviction may be with you for life.  The good news is that a good OVI attorney can significantly curb the financial detriments incurred in a OVI case.

While predicting what an attorney can save you is just as wildly speculative as predicting costs, it is common for many of the costs to be subject to negotiation and/or reduction.  Furthermore, a reduction of the charge will lower the possible maximum fines. The reduction can also get rid of ugly mandatory punishments required by Ohio’s OVI statute. O.R.C. 4511.19.  The best way to explore how much a vigorous OVI defense will costs in your case, contact Charles M. Rowland for a free consultation at (937) 318-1384 or 888-769-5263. For over twenty years, I have represented clients in Springfield. I work hard at what I do. I limit my practice to OVI defense. Finally, thank you for considering me for your defense.

Charles Rowland, your hometown attorney, limits his practice exclusively to OVI defense.