A physical control conviction does not count as a “prior offense” for purposes of enhancement. This principle is spelled out in case law and in statute. R.C. 4511.181 sets forth the offenses that count as prior convictions. It does not list a violation of physical control (R.C. 4511.194) as a predicate offense. It does not matter if the prior conviction was charged under R.C. 4511.194 or as a violation of a municipal ordinance. This is set forth at [Read the full post. . .]
Is it a crime to refuse to take a breath test?
Ohio has adopted O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(2) which makes it a crime to refuse to take an evidentiary chemical test if you have a prior OVI (drunk driving) or OVUAC (juvenile/underage drunk driving) conviction any time within the last twenty (20) years. If you refuse and you have a prior within twenty (20) years then the penalties for your OVI offense will be double the mandatory minimum. (See generally the “Penalties” [Read the full post. . .]
Ohio DUI law R.C. 4511.19(A)(2) enhances the penalty for a motorist who, having been convicted once in the last six (6) years, after having been arrested, refuses to take a blood, breath or urine test. In State v. Hoover,173 Ohio App.3d 487, 2007-Ohio-5773, the issue of whether or not a person can have a DUI sentence enhanced pursuant to R.C. 4511.19(A)(2) for refusing to take a chemical test was before the Ohio Supreme Court. The government sought to [Read the full post. . .]
H.B. 469 (Annie’s Law) presented at the Ohio Statehouse on Thursday will require an ignition interlock device be installed on the vehicle of all convicted drunk drivers, including first-time offenders. Ohio law currently prescribes “blow to go” devices for repeat drunk driving offenders, but not on a first offense. We have longed warned (previous story HERE) that this was at the top of MADD’s agenda and a continuation of their desire to impose penalties on a driver before [Read the full post. . .]
Ohio OVI law states that you can’t be a chronic alcoholic and drive in Ohio. Ohio driver’s license laws forbid the issuance of a driver’s license to, or the retention of a license by, a person who is “alcoholic, or is addicted to the use of controlled substances to the extent that the use constitutes an impairment to the person’s ability to operate a motor vehicle with the required degree of safety” (Ohio R.C. 4507.08(D)(1). Such persons will [Read the full post. . .]