Tag: drunk driving

DUI Attorney Ethics Rule 1.1 – Competence

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The first ethical rule for a DUI attorney is set forth at the American Bar Association – Model Rules of Professional Conduct, Rule 1.1. This is the rule regarding competence.  It states,

“A lawyer shall provide competent representation to a client. Competent representation requires the legal knowledge, skill, thoroughness and preparation reasonably necessary for the representation.” 

DUI/OVI/drunk driving cases are among the most complex and specialized areas of the law.  An attorney must be familiar not only with the statutory and case-made law regarding DUI defense, but must have a working knowledge of the NHTSA standardized field sobriety testing methods, the intricacies of the myriad breath testing instruments, chemical testing procedures including gas chromatography and how deviation from a standardized norm, be it biological, chemical or environmental can affect a field test or a blood, breath or urine test.  The attorney must also have a breadth of experience pointing him to omissions in the police investigation.  It is of great importance to understand the unique procedural requirements of a DUI case and the coordination of a cadre of potential expert witnesses.  It requires training, experience and sustained study to master.

Frequently, an attorney will devote a major portion of his or her practice to DUI defense.  As I often say, “All I do is DUI defense.”  Most of us also undertake to receive advanced training.  I have been trained in the NHTSA Student Manual, the ARIDE program, the Drug Recognition Expert protocol, and have achieved proficiency as a Forensic Sobriety Assessment professional. I have further received certification on the BAC DataMaster and the Intoxilyzer 8000 breath test machines.  I attend DUI specific Continuing Legal Education classes and advanced DUI seminars such as those put on by the National College for DUI Defense , the American Association of Premier DUI and the National DUI Lawyers Association.

As you can see, a DUI attorney is required to recognize all of the issues in a given case.  The case is not a case that should be taken lightly.  You should invest in an attorney who has the skill set that can give you a chance to win your DUI case.  If you need such a DUI attorney, give me a call at (937) 318-1384.

Call Dayton DUI Attorney Charles M. Rowland today!

Springfield OVI – What To Expect

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Screen Shot 2016-05-26 at 3.01.34 PMfirst offense Springfiled OVI is defined at O.R.C. 4511.19 as a DUI with no priors within 6 years.  A first offense OVI can be charged in three ways.  The first charge is caused by testing over the legal limit of .08% B.A.C. (example O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)(d)).  These types of offenses are also referred to as “per se”  violations.  A second way to be charged is for violating the high-tier provision of Ohio’s OVI law.  Ohio has also created a per se “high-tier” limit of .17% BrAC, sometimes referred to as a SUPER-OVI.  The per se high-tier limits for a first offense OVI are set forth at O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(1)

  • (f) The person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s whole blood.
  • (g) The person has a concentration of two hundred four-thousandths of one per cent or more by weight per unit volume of alcohol in the person’s blood serum or plasma.
  • (h) The person has a concentration of seventeen-hundredths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of the person’s breath.
  • (i) The person has a concentration of two hundred thirty-eight-thousandths of one gram or more by weight of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of the person’s urine.

Appreciable Impairment Offenses:  If you refuse to take a chemical test, the State might still be able to prove you guilty of a first offense OVI if they prove (beyond a reasonable doubt) that you  operated a motor vehicle after having consumed some alcohol, drugs of abuse, or a combination of the two and their ability to operate the motor vehicle was appreciably impaired.  How does a jury determine “under the influence?”  The following is an excerpt from the Ohio Jury Instructions:

“Under the influence” means that the defendant consumed some (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (combination of alcohol and a drug of abuse), whether mild or potent, in such a quantity, whether small or great, that it adversely affected and noticeably impaired the defendant’s actions, reaction, or mental processes under the circumstances then existing and deprived the defendant of that clearness of intellect and control of himself/herself which he/she would otherwise have possessed. The question is not how much (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) would affect an ordinary person.

The question is what effect did any (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse), consumed by the defendant, have on him/her at the time and place involved. If the consumption of (alcohol) (drug of abuse) (alcohol and a drug of abuse) so affected the nervous system, brain, or muscles of the defendant so as to impair, to a noticeable degree, his/her ability to operate the vehicle, then the defendant was under the influence. The Ohio jury Instruction cites language from State v. Hardy (1971), 28 Ohio St.2d 89, 57 O.O.2d 284, 276 N.E.2d 247; and State v. Steele (1952), 95 Ohio App. 107, 52 O.O. 488, 117 N.E.2d 617.

The “appreciable impairment offense” is set forth at Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(A)(1)(a) which states,

(A)(1) No person shall operate any vehicle, streetcar, or trackless trolley within this state, if, at the time of the operation, any of the following apply:

(a) The person is under the influence of alcohol, a drug of abuse, or a combination of them.

First Offense OVI Penalties:  The following penalties are reserved for first offense Springfield OVI offenders.  Obviously, it is in your interests to hire counsel who can assess your case and provide you with an honest assessment of your case.  Be sure to discuss not only the mitigating factors that your attorney should know, but the not-so-good aspects of your case.  Judges have discretion to look at many factors in fashioning a remedy and your attorney should be able to give you an idea of how to approach your case so as to minimize any potential penalties.  Here are the range of possible penalties for a first offense OVI.

  • Jail – 3 Days Minimum up to 6 Months or,
  • Driver Intervention Program – For 3 Days
  • Jail – 6 Days (If Blood Alcohol Concentration .17 or Above)
  • License Suspension – From 6 Months to 3 Years
  • Reinstatement Fee – $475.00
  • Fine – From $375 to $1,075

Party Plates (Ohio’s Scarlet Letter)

When are yellow OVI plates required?  If you are convicted of OVI in Ohio, yellow “restricted plates” are required in certain circumstances.

  • If you are convicted of OVI as a first offense, the judge has discretion to order restricted plates as a condition of granting you limited driving privileges.
  • If you are placed under and administrative license suspension, a judge has discretion to order restricted plates as a condition of granting limited driving privileges.

Is an Interlock Ignition Device Mandatory?

The device is not mandatory on a first offense OVI in Springfield.  Judges have discretion to require the ignition interlock device on first offenses, but on subsequent offenses the IID is mandatory.  It is important to speak with an experienced attorney who is familiar with the judge presiding over your case to get an idea of whether or not you will likely receive an ignition interlock device on a first offense.

Immobilization

If you do not have a prior OVI offense, getting your car back is relatively easy as Ohio OVI law does not authorize immobilization as a penalty for a first offense.  Here are the steps you should take to get your car back.

  • Locate the proper tow lot;
  • Gather enough cash (or other proper payment) to pay towing and storage fees;
  • Gather proof of ownership; and
  • If you were placed under and Administrative License Suspension, get a licensed driver to drive your car from the impound lot.

If you have trouble with ANY of the items above, contact your Springfield OVI attorney and they will help get your car back.  Our office has even gone as far as having our staff drive to the tow lot on our client’s behalf.  It is to your advantage to move quickly in order to save storage fees.

What does a first offense OVI defense cost?  We encounter many people who want a rational, economic justification for hiring an OVI attorney on a first offense OVI.  The only study I could find on this topic was a 2006 Texas Department of Transportation study which calculated the costs of a drunk driving conviction “in that state showed the total costs of a DWI arrest and conviction for a first-time offender with no accident involved would range from $9,000 to $24,000.” [source]  In a story from CNBC citing that study, they speculate that total costs, absent you losing your job, could range as high as $20,000.  While projecting costs without knowing your particular circumstance is wildly speculative, here are some of the expenses you may realize:

  • Court costs.
  • Attorney fees.
  • Loss of job.
  • DUI “school.”
  • Temporary loss of income.
  • Car towing, impounding.
  • Alternate transportation costs.
  • Car ignition interlock device.
  • Periodic blood testing.
  • Monthly monitoring fees.
  • Cost of incarceration.
  • Increased auto insurance premiums

Obviously, if you were to lose your job and/or your career because of a Springfield OVI conviction, the lifetime costs skyrocket.  Insurance premiums, damages caused by personal injury or costs of restitution for property damages also cause the costs to climb.  Some of the expenses highlighted above can take years to come to fruition and the lingering effects of having a drunk driving conviction may be with you for life.  The good news is that a good OVI attorney can significantly curb the financial detriments incurred in a OVI case.  While predicting what an attorney can save you is just as wildly speculative as predicting costs, it is common for many of the costs to be subject to negotiation and/or reduction.  A reduction of the charge will not only lower the possible maximum fines, but can also get rid of ugly mandatory punishments required by Ohio’s OVI statute. O.R.C. 4511.19.  The best way to explore how much a vigorous OVI defense will costs in your case, contact Charles M. Rowland for a free consultation at (937) 318-1384 or 888-769-5263.

Memorial Day OVI Checkpoint In Montgomery County (5/27/16)

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checkpoint-alerts2-810wAAA says more than 38 million Americans are expected to travel this holiday weekend.  This Memorial Day, there will be multiple saturation patrols and jurisdictions are setting up additional traffic patrols to make travel safer.  In addition to OVI (drunk driving) patrols, troopers will be looking for seat belt violations, texting while driving and speed offenses.

There will be an OVI checkpoint in Montgomery County on Friday.

If you find yourself in need of an attorney, Charles M. Rowland II (DaytonDUI) will be available 24/7 at (937) 776-2671.  “My staff and I are mobilized to help people who are from out of town and people who might need immediate assistance.”  I have established a reputation as one of Ohio’s leading DUI attorneys, and I want to help you. “All I do is DUI defense.”

 

Get It Right The First Time!

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DUI-defenseAnother reason to make Charles M. Rowland II, DaytonDUI, you first choice for DUI/OVI defense is that Ohio does not allow expungements in drunk driving cases.  If you make a mistake when you are a young person, the stigma of a DUI conviction will follow you for the rest of your life. In 2014, Ohio decided to expand the ability of Ohioans to apply for an expungement and get a fresh start. It was decided that DUI offenders did not deserve a break under the new law.

The current expungement law makes choosing the right DUI attorney of paramount importance. 

I have been fighting for the accused drunk driver since 1995. I have the experience and credentials necessary to fight and win your case. When you come for your free consultation, I will give you a real price and a real plan.  If you hire me, you get me at every stage of your case – not an associate. You get my 24 hour number and you get a staff that is 100% dedicated to DUI defense. Need more information? Call me at (937) 318-1384 or, to learn more, visit www.DaytonDUI.com.

 

OVI, DUI, OMVI, DWI, Drunk Driving – Is There Any Difference?

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OVI, DUI, OMVI, DWI, Drunk Driving – Is There Any Difference?

ovi, omvi, dui, dwi, drunk drivingSpoiler Alert: They all mean the same thing: operating a vehicle under the influence of drug, alcohol or a combination of drugs and alcohol, in violation of Ohio Revised Code 4511.19.

Colloquially, the most common way to describe drunk driving is by referring to it as a DUI. The term DUI is universally understood and used by most national news organizations. DWI (driving while impaired) is also a ubiquitous term used to describe drunk driving. More info