Tag Archives: NHTSA

What Is A Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test?

What is the Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test?

Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus TestAlcohol is a central nervous system depressant affecting many of the higher as well as lower motor control systems of the body. This results in poor motor coordination, sluggish reflexes, and emotional instability. The part of the nervous system that fine-tunes and controls hand movements and body posture also controls eye movements. When intoxicated, a person’s nervous system will display a breakdown in the smooth and accurate control of eye movements. This breakdown [Read the full post. . .]

Are DUI Laws A Sophisticated Form Of Gaslighting?

dui lawsHow does “gaslighting” relate to Ohio DUI laws?

In the 1944 film Gaslight, Ingrid Bergman’s character  Paula Alquist Anton meets and marries the charming Gregory Anton played by Charles Boyer.  The husband does everything in his power to isolate his wife from other people. He allows her neither to go out nor to have visitors, implying that he is doing so for her own good, because her nerves have been acting up, causing her to become a kleptomaniac and [Read the full post. . .]

Ohio Traffic Update: Click It Or Ticket

click it or ticketClick it or Ticket our nation’s annual war on seat belts, will begin May 19th and run until June 1st.

NHTSA uses Click It or Ticket as a national campaign centering on the enforcement of seat belt laws.  As with aggressive driving and drunk driving enforcement, the primary audience for this effort is men 18-34.  Research shows that these young men are more likely to not use seat belts.  Seat belts are the most effective safety feature ever invented and [Read the full post. . .]

Phase Two: The Personal Contact Phase

personal contact phaseAn officer’s decision to arrest for DUI involves three steps: observing the vehicle in motion, observing the driver during a personal contact phase, and administering field sobriety tests.  Evidence is collected at each stage.  If, after conducting all three phases, the officer believes probable cause exists that you are impaired, you will then be arrested.  Probable cause is a flexible, common-sense standard. It merely requires that the facts available to the officer would ‘warrant a man of reasonable caution [Read the full post. . .]

The Ohio “Clear and Convincing Evidence” Standard

clear and convincing evidence

Clear and Convincing Evidence is required for the standardized field sobriety tests to be admitted. Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(D)(4)(b) sets forth the standards for admissibility of the results of field sobriety tests in OVI (drunk driving) prosecutions.  See State v. Bozcar, 113 Ohio St. 3d 148, 2007-Ohio-1251, 863 N.E.2d 115 (2007).  In order for the tests to be admissible, the State must demonstrate:

  1. By clear and convincing evidence.
  2. The Officer administered the tests in substantial compliance.
  3. The
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