Alcohol exits the human body by being oxidized by a number of very important enzymes. Foremost among these enzymes are ADH (alcohol dehydrogenase) and ALDH (aldehyde dehydrogenase). Over 90% of the ingested alcohol is oxidized in the liver. The remaining 10% is excreted via the breath (.07%), the urine (.03%) and sweat (.01%). [Master, S., Chapter 23: [Read the full post. . .]
Is it a crime to refuse to take a breath test?
Ohio has adopted O.R.C. 4511.19(A)(2) which makes it a crime to refuse to take an evidentiary chemical test if you have a prior OVI (drunk driving) or OVUAC (juvenile/underage drunk driving) conviction any time within the last twenty (20) years. If you refuse and you have a prior within twenty (20) years then the penalties for your OVI offense will be double the mandatory minimum. (See generally the “Penalties” [Read the full post. . .]
A motion to suppress is often the most critical phase of the OVI trial process. Procedurally, the defense attorney files a motion challenging all of the government’s evidence. Once this motion is filed the government has the burden of demonstrating the propriety of the arrest and that law enforcement substantially complied with the rules.
When a defendant challenges the admission of a breath-alcohol test, courts apply a burden shifting analysis. The state must show substantial compliance with ODH regulations, and
The Ohio Investigative Unit (formerly Liquor Control) has taken on a new task in Ohio – “trace back” investigations. When a fatal crash occurs and alcohol or drugs are suspected, the OIU will step in to see where the alcohol came from and whether or not the person providing the alcohol or drugs can be held responsible.
Through an integrated re-structuring within the Ohio Department of Public Safety that will reduce facility costs, streamline administrative functions and lead to better [Read the full post. . .]
The rules for urine testing in Ohio are set forth at Ohio Administrative Code 3701-53-05 & 3701-53-06. At O.A.C. 3701-53-05, it is clearly stated that a urine test must be witnessed. It states at subsection (D),
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(D) The collection of a urine specimen must be witnessed to assure that the sample can be authenticated. Urine shall be deposited into a clean glass or plastic screw top container which shall be capped, or collected according to the laboratory protocol as written