Posts Tagged ‘salvia divinorum’

Driving Under the Influence of Drugs in Ohio

August 31st, 2011
Cocaine hydrochloride for medicinal use. This ...

Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(A)(1)(j) prohibits the operation of a motor vehicle under the influence of a controlled substance, specifically if your blood or urine contains a statutorily specified concentration of: amphetamine, cocaine, cocaine metabolite, heroin, heroin metabolite (6-monoacetyl morphine), L.S.D., marijuana, marijuana metabolite, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, salvia divinorum, or salvinorin A.

Dayton DUI Attorney Charles M. Rowland II dedicates himself to the defense of the accused drunk driver.  He has attended the latest forensic science seminar of the National College for DUI Defense and is the only Ohio OVI attorney to have earned certification in Forensic Sobriety Assessment.  If you need an aggressive Ohio DUI attorney, contact Charles M. Rowland II today HERE, or at 937-318-1DUI (318-1384) or visit www.DaytonDUI.com.

Salvia Divinorum, A Primer

April 25th, 2011
salvia divinorum in d.c.
Image by oceandesetoiles via Flickr

Salvia divinorum is a perennial herb in the mint family native to certain areas of the Sierra Mazateca region of Oaxaca, Mexico. The plant, which can grow to over three feet in height, has large green leaves, hollow square stems and white flowers with purple calyces, can also be grown successfully outside of this region . Salvia divinorum has been used by the Mazatec Indians for its ritual divination and healing. The active constituent of Salvia divinorum has been identified as salvinorin A. Currently, neither Salvia divinorum nor any of its constituents, including salvinorin A, are controlled under the federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA). However, the abuse of Salvia Divinorum is gaining popularity in the United States, particulary by adolescents and young adults.

A limited number of studies have reported the effects of using either plant material or salvinorin A. Psychic effects include perceptions of bright lights, vivid colors and shapes, as well as body movements and body or object distortions. Other effects include dysphoria, uncontrolled laughter, a sense of loss of body, overlapping realities, and hallucinations (seeing objects that are not present). Adverse physical effects may include incoordination, dizziness, and slurred speech.

Scientific studies show that salvinorin A is a potent and selective kappa opioid receptor agonist. Other drugs that act at the kappa opioid receptor also produce hallucinogenic effects and dysphoria similar to that produced by salvinorin A. Salvinorin A does not activate the serotonin 2A receptor, which mediates the effects of other schedule I hallucinogens.  Due to the hallucinogenic effects there is a substantial risk of injury or death as a result of impaired judgment due to disruptions of sensory and cognitive functions

According to a National Survey on Drug Use and Health Report published by SAMHSA in February 2008, it is estimated that 1.8 million persons aged 12 or older used Salvia divinorum in their lifetime, a approximately 750,000 did so in the past year. Use was more common among young adults (18 to 25 years old) as opposed to older adults (>26 years of age). Young adults were 3 times more likely than youths aged 12 to 17 to have used Salviadivinorum in the past year. Use is more common in males than females.

The Drug Enforcement Administration has prepared this report on salvia divinorum.  You can find the original materials here: http://www.justice.gov/dea/concern/salvia_divinorum.html.  If you find yourself in need of an Ohio DUI attorney, contact Charles M. Rowland II at (937) 879-9542 or visit www.DaytonDUI.com.

Ohio OVI Law: Impairment by Drugs of Abuse

March 15th, 2011
Various prescription and street drugs may caus...
Image via Wikipedia

Ohio Revised Code 4511.19(A)(1)(j) prohibits the operation of a vehicle under the influence of any of the following controlled substances: amphetamine, cocaine, cocaine metabolite, heroin, heroin metabolite (6-monoacetyl morphine), L.S.D., marijuana, marijuana metabolite, methamphetamine, phencyclidine, salvia divinorum, or salvinorin A.  The statute sets forth statutorily prohibited concentrations of each of the drugs set forth above.  For impairment purposes, “drugs of abuse” is defined  as set forth in Ohio Revised Code 3719.01 which includes not only illegal drugs and/or controlled substances  but also includes harmful intoxicants under Ohio Revised Code 2925.01(I) and dangerous drugs under Ohio Revised Code 4729.01(F).

If you are stopped on suspicion of OVI (operating a vehicle while impaired) due to suspected drug use, contact Ohio OVI attorney Charles M. Rowland II today at 937-318-1DUI (318-1384) or 1-888-ROWLAND (888-769-5263) or text DaytonDUI (one word) to 50500.  You can also stay on top of developments in Ohio drug and alcohol law by “liking” Dayton DUI/OVI Defense on Facebook or by following @DaytonDUI on Twitter.